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Ingress Protection (IP) Explained

The IP Rating (International Protection Rating) consists of the letters IP followed by two numbers and sometimes an optional letter. Products that have an IP rating will be able to operate in hazardous environments and will be protected against, depending on the IP rating, the intrusion of solid objects such as hands, fingers, accidental contact, dust and water in enclosed electrical enclosures.

The first digit in the IP rating indicates the level of ingress protection against SOLIDS, while the second number indicates the level of ingress protection against LIQUIDS. The IP rating helps users to classify the different degrees of protection.

Use the chart below to easily find which IP rating you have or require:

IP NumberSolid Ingressliquid Ingress
IP54Limited protectionWater spray from any direction, Limited protection
IP55Limited protectionLow pressure water jets from any direction, Limited protection
IP56Limited protectionLow pressure water jets from any direction, Limited protection
IP57Limited protectionProtected against immersion up to 1metre in depth, Limited protection
IP58Limited protectionProtected against long term immersion up to a specific pressure, Limited protection
IP60Total protectionNo protection
IP61Total protectionProtected from condensation
IP62Total protectionProtected from water spray less than 15 degrees from vertical
IP63Total protectionProtected from water spray less than 60 degrees from vertical
IP64Total protectionprotection from water spay in any direction
IP65Total protectionProtected from low pressure water jets in any direction
IP66Total protectionProtected from high pressure water jets in any direction
IP67Total protectionProtected against immersion up to 1metre in depth
IP68Total protectionProtected against long term immersion up to a specific pressure
IP69KTotal protectionProtected from steam-jet streaming